Major Drug Company Agrees to Pay $34 Million to Settle DEA Case
by Jim Kouri, CPP
Cardinal Health Inc., one of the nation's largest distributors of pharmaceutical drugs, has agreed to settle allegations that it violated federal reporting provisions relating to its handling of certain controlled substances regulated by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), according to a report obtained by the National Association of Chiefs of Police.
Under the agreement between the company and seven U.S. Attorney's Offices, Cardinal Health agreed to pay $34,000,000 in civil penalties for alleged violations of its obligations under the Controlled Substances Act.
Cardinal Health, which operates 27 DEA-registered distribution facilities, failed to report to DEA suspicious orders of hydrocodone that it then distributed to pharmacies that filled illegitimate prescriptions originating from rogue Internet pharmacy Web sites. These prescriptions violated applicable Federal and State law because they were not issued for a legitimate medical purpose by physicians acting within the usual course of professional practice.
Cardinal's conduct allowed the "diversion" of millions of dosage units of hydrocodone from legitimate to non-legitimate channels. DEA regulations require all manufacturers and distributors to report suspicious orders of controlled substances and, more specifically, to "design and operate a system to disclose to the registrant suspicious orders of controlled substances." Registrants are required to inform DEA of suspicious orders upon discovery.
"Despite DEA's repeated attempts to educate Cardinal Health on diversion awareness and prevention, Cardinal engaged in a pattern of failing to report blatantly suspicious orders for controlled substances filled by its distribution facilities located throughout the United States," said DEA Acting Administrator Michele M. Leonhart.
"Cardinal's negligent conduct contributed to our nation's serious pharmaceutical abuse problem. This substantial civil penalty underscores DEA's determination to prevent pharmaceutical diversion and protect the public health and safety by continuing to hold companies responsible if they fail to fulfill their obligations under the Controlled Substance Act."
Seven Cardinal Health distribution centers received and filled thousands of suspicious orders placed by pharmacies participating in illicit Internet schemes, but failed to report the orders to DEA. They did so even after an Aug. 22, 2005, meeting at which DEA officials met with and warned Cardinal officials about excessive sales of their products to pharmacies filling illegal online prescriptions. The pharmacies filled purported online "prescriptions" for hydrocodone (contained in drugs such as Vicodin), but the prescriptions were issued outside the normal course of professional practice and not for a legitimate medical purpose. The U.S. Attorneys allege that the orders that Cardinal received from these pharmacies, and others, were unusually large, unusually frequent and/or deviated substantially from the normal pattern.
"The abuse of prescription medications is a significant and growing problem, and there is a widespread misconception that abuse of these substances is somehow safer than the abuse of illegal drugs such as cocaine, meth and heroin," said Associate Deputy Attorney General Stuart Nash. "Today's settlement makes clear that the Department of Justice is committed to doing its part to curtail illegal access to these dangerous drugs."
Hydrocodone is the generic name of a prescription painkiller that is classified under federal narcotics law as a Schedule III controlled substance. Nonmedical use of prescription drugs ranks second only to marijuana as the most prevalent category of drug abuse. Hydrocodone is the most commonly diverted and abused controlled pharmaceutical in the United States.
The Controlled Substances Act is the primary federal law regulating the flow of controlled substances into the marketplace for medical purposes. Among other requirements, the Act requires that distributors register with DEA to sell controlled substances to retail pharmacies and report to DEA suspicious orders of controlled substances. The Act authorizes the imposition of up to a $10,000 civil penalty for each violation of the reporting requirement.
Jim Kouri, CPP is currently fifth vice-president of the National Association of Chiefs of Police. He's former chief at a New York City housing project in Washington Heights nicknamed "Crack City" by reporters covering the drug war in the 1980s. In addition, he served as director of public safety at a New Jersey university and director of security for a number of organizations. He's also served on the National Drug Task Force and trained police and security officers throughout the country. He writes for many police and crime magazines including Chief of Police, Police Times, The Narc Officer, Campus Law Enforcement Journal, and others. He's appeared as on-air commentator for over 100 TV and radio news and talk shows including Oprah, McLaughlin Report, CNN Headline News, MTV, Fox News, etc. His book Assume The Position is available at Amazon.Com, Booksamillion.com, and can be ordered at local bookstores. Kouri holds a bachelor of science in criminal justice and master of arts in public administration and he's a board certified protection professional.